The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a landmark global agreement, reached under the United Nations, on reducing poverty and related deprivations. In order to forge a widely acceptable formulation of what should replace the MDGs when they expire in 2015, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) had instituted an Open Working Group (OWG). In July 2014, the OWG completed its mandate by publishing a draft text with 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets. It is expected that the UNGA will adopt the SDGs in September 2015, as part of a broader post-2015 development agenda, replacing the MDGs.
A variety of materials (articles, videos, blogs) have been generated on the question of what should be the form and content of the MDG replacements. Here is a selection:
Assessing Human Rights in the Post-2015 Development Agenda Process: By Nyiri Karakas, May 2014.
*The UN Secretary-General released a synthesis report, “The Road to Dignity by 2030” on December 4, 2014. The Secretary General provides a “conceptual framework” for the 17 goals by proposing 6 integrated “essential elements”: Dignity, People, Prosperity, Planet, Justice and Partnership.
*Outcome Document: Open Working Group on Sustainable Development Goals and the accompanying PDF.
Papers and Briefs:
David Hulme, Antonio Savoia, and Kunal Sen, Governance as a global development goal? Setting, measuring, and monitoring the post-2015 development agenda.
Short, online articles:
*Alvin Leong (Post-2015.or), The principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities.
*Peter Veit and Peter Hazelwood (Independent Research Forum). Why community land rights belong in the sustainable development goals.
*James Murombedzi (Independent Research Forum). The Sustainable Development Goals: are we asking the right questions?
*David Satterthewaite (Independent Research Forum). Can we change the goals of development without changing the implementers?
*Neeta Lal (IPS). Millennium Development Goals: A Mixed Report Card for India.
*Liz Ford (The Guardian). UN begins talks on SDGs, ‘carrying the hopes of millions and millions.’
*Charles Kenny and Casey Dunning (Centre for Global Development). What’s the Point of the Post-2015 Agenda?
*Carla Kweifio-Okai (The Guardian). Will these Sustainable Development Goals Do the Job?
*Alicia Ali-Yamin (Council of Foreign Relations). Truly Sustainable Development Calls for Systemic Responses.
*Faiza Shaheen (The Guardian). Mind the Gap: Why UN Development Goals Must Tackle Income Inequality.
*Thomas Pogge and Mitu Sengupta (Academics Stand Against Poverty). “Sustainable Development Goals: A Better Pact is Possible.”
*Ranja Sengupta (Third World Network). The Disappearing Act of the “Inequality” Goal.
*Barbara Crossette (The Nation). Will the UN’s New Development Goals Downplay the Need for Gender Equality?
*Scott Wisor (Ethics & International Affairs). The Impending Failure of the Sustainable Development Goals.
*Bjorn Lomborg (Project Syndicate). Dirty Development Money.
Here is a collection of videos on the post-2015 debates:
[Stephen Lewis, former UN Special Envoy on HIV/AIDS to Africa, speaking on the MDGs and SDGs at the Rethinking Sustainability Beyond 2015 Workshop, held at Ryerson University, Toronto, October 2nd, 2014]
[A good introduction]
[Jeffrey Sachs on the Sustainable Development Goals: Highly recommended]
[The role of business in the Post-2015 Development Agenda]
[Stephen Lewis’s view on the MDGs and post-2015 Agenda]